Tourism Object Crater Mount Ijen, The Places to See Blue Fire in Indonesia – This time we will discuss the beauty of Ijen Crater, which holds a myriad of enchanting natural beauty of Indonesia and will make anyone who see it mesmerized. For those of you who have never visited this place, maybe the following reviews can make references before you visit it.
Ijen Crater is a crater of an acidic mountain in the world. Has a caldera wall as high as 984-1.640 feet while its width reaches 5,466 hectares. For the size of the crater itself approximately 12.4 mile. The crater has a depth of about 984 feet below the caldera wall. Particularly Banyuwangi residents – East Java, which is certainly very lucky to live in adjacent to Ijen Crater.
|Mount Ijen, The Places to See Blue Fire in Indonesia|
The name Ijen came to prominence in the world since the arrival of two French tourists, Nicolas Hulot and his wife Katia Kraft, in 1971. They wrote the story of Ijen Crater’s charm along with the harsh life of the sulfur chunks in Geo, France. These two things are the main attraction for tourists and photographers of the world.
In terms of natural panorama, you need not worry, because this tour has a very beautiful natural charm. It’s so beautiful scenery. In the morning, you will be presented with amazing sunrise view. In addition, the morning sunlight that irradiates the crater will be reflected so as to form the green shine of toska from the surface. But you have to be careful that the crater water looks very calm it turns out to be dangerous. Because the water sulfur in Ijen Crater has a water volume of about 200 million cubic meters and the heat reaches 200 degrees, so when we are desperate to go there, our clothes will melt, not only that, even we ourselves will also melt. So do not try to play around Crater Ijen.
On the southeast side Ijen Crater there is a solfatara field that always releases volcanic gas with a high enough sulfur concentration so that not infrequently can cause a very stinging smell. While in the west there is a water dam that is upstream from Kali (River) Banyupait. This dam also has a charm that is not less good, but visitors rarely come to him, because to get there, the road that must be passed quite difficult and frequent landslides. The dam that is near Ijen Crater is a concrete building that was built since the Dutch government. Formerly this dam serves to regulate the lake water level in order to avoid acid floods. But now it is no longer working, because the water never reaches the dam door, resulting in the occurrence of seepage of lake water under the dam.
In the early morning tourist attraction Ijen Crater back presents a fantastic beauty. From the sulfur fluid that flows endlessly under the crater raises a blue fire. This phenomenon is only two in the first World in Iceland and the second one is in Indonesia. To enjoy this natural scenery you have to climb Mount Ijen which starts around 02.00 WIB (Western Indonesia Time) from the entrance (Paltuding), with cold mountain air that has a temperature of 10 degrees Celsius, even can reach 2 degrees Celsius. But it will not be felt by the scenery that you will pass during a climbing trip.
Ijen crater is a mountain crater used for sulfur mining sites in Banyuwangi – East Java, which is also the largest sulfur mining site in Indonesia and the processor still uses the traditional way. Ijen crater has a sulfur sublimate that will never run out, because it can come out continuously by itself. Sublimate sulfur is useful for various purposes of the chemical industry but it can also be used for sugar purifier.
Many of the tourists who have visited this place argue that, by visiting Ijen crater we will appreciate life more. How not, the visiting visitors will see many miners passing by on the crater with very heavy sulfur loads. Miners are still using the traditional way. The melted sulfur is channeled through a pipe originating from a sulfur-containing volcanic gas source. This gas is poured through the pipe and comes out in the form of a reddish sulfur melting. The sulfur will freeze yellow. The freeze will be taken by miners.
Usually the sulfur miners do their work on foot, down the caldera as far as 1.86 mile to take sulfur. That’s an easy thing to do, because they still have to dig in first using a makeshift tool. Then betu stone is broken down and placed on two baskets as large. A sulfur miner can carry a stone weighing 100 kg. It is not a light weight and easy to do. In addition to anticipating the stinging odor of sulfur smoke they use a makeshift breathing apparatus used as a protective mask.
They carry the stone to the Round Pos. This is where they will weigh the results of its sulfur mine. In this post you can see how hard their lives. Some of them were seen stretching the muscles in the shade of the shady trees, and others, packing the chunks into the sack and then carrying them to the truck. Like a school student who in the morning is absent by his teacher, they are summoned one by one to weigh his cargo, then convert it into Indonesian Rupiaha at a moment’s notice.
The price for each one kilogram of brimstone stone is IDR 330, – but after being taken to the truck price can reach IDR 1.330, -. A considerable difference, the income they earn can not be proportional to the danger they get in risking their lives. Given the difficulty of their work, in a day a miner is only able to haul twice. Jobs that are risking their lives like this do in order to provide for everyday life. So if you’re there, do not be reluctant to say hello to them. And mixing with the miners, even if the work is very hard, but they are friendly and polite, and will give an answer to all the questions you want to know.
History of Mount Ijen
In the past, the Ijen Mountains were part of Blambangan kingdom. The name Blambangan sticks in history when his king named Menak Jinggo declined to acknowledge the power of Majapahit. So the battle between the kingdom of Blambangan and Majapahit kingdom. Menak Jinggo was defeated by Dhamarwulan, a youth of ordinary people who could fight and kill his enemies. With Dhamarwulan’s persistence he finally managed to make Queen Majapahit, Dewi Kencono Wungu, and become king. After losing, the Ijen mountains became part of the Majapahit kingdom, which until now is famous for its success.
The name Ijen was also mentioned when a prince of the Wilis Kingdom, guilty of fighting against the VOC from behind the slopes of Ijen mountains in 1722. Ijen is the most ideal place for hiding for the rebels. Its muddy and dense forest landscape, it is very scary, even impressed with armor. This area is not supposed to be a master.
The Ijen region began touched when a ruler from Belaanda rents land in Indonesia to a captain of China, Han Ki Ko, who lives in Surabaya and is very famous. This leased land also includes Besuki, Panarukan, Probolinggo and surrounding areas. To attract workers, the company distributes rice for free when the population is starving. Then there are thousands of Madurese workers in a short time. The workers started planting all kinds of vegetables and rice using irrigation systems. But in 1813 the workers rebelled with Kiai Mas.
The late nineteenth century the Dutch forced the re-opening of the land to be used as coffee and rubber plantations. They brought thousands of Madurese workers back home. With this, then created a ‘small Madura’ which became the center of Madurese settlement. They carry their customs, culture, and language. This little Madura, until now we can still find in some areas of Jember, Situbondo, Bondowoso, and Banyuwangi.
That is a little story about the Ijen mountains in ancient times.
Journey route to the crater of Mount Ijen
But now we do not have to worry about accommodation to get to Ijen Crater. The reason to go to one destination in Banyuwangi is already facilitated, so it is not a difficult thing anymore for the visitors can get there. Let alone the support from the local government is very large for the progress of the world of tourism in Banyuwangi. For those of you who come from out of town you can visit this place by using aircraft accommodation that can transit at Juanda Airport Surabaya for International flight path, or can also direct transit at Blimbingsari Airport Banyuwangi for local flight path. After that you can use the means of land transportation.
For the first route you can go by doing the road trip from Banyuwangi to Licin subdistrict which is about 9.3 mile. On this route, you can use two-wheeled vehicles or four wheels. From Licin Sub-district, heading to patulding about 11.1 mile. From here you can rent a type of jeep motor double gardan because the road is traversed enough to climb. The journey that passes about 1 hour before you will reach Patulding which is the entrance to get to Ijen Crater.
In addition for you who transit in Surabaya, you can pass the route north, ie from Situbondo to Sempol – Bondowoso district through Wonosari. Then proceed to patulding. This route is easier to pass and the road is still smooth so you can use private vehicles without having to rent a jeep car. The distance between Situbondo towards patulding is about 57.78 mile.
After arriving in Patulding, you can walk as far as 1.86 mile to the crater of Ijen. The scenery on this route is fascinating, with rows of pine trees and coffee trees neatly hailing anyone who passes by.
Activities Can Do
Enjoying the mountain susana becomes the main attraction for you who visit Ijen Crater, not only that the Sunrise charm offered in the crater of ijen is also very fascinating, and the most anticipated – from the visitors who come here is able to witness firsthand the natural phenomenon of Blue Fire in Ijen Crater that you can enjoy in the early morning until 05.00 pm.
Not only that other scenery that you can meet is a natural phenomenon that is the scenery of the crater lake that is green is blue bluish. Which will hypnotize every visitor who comes there. The visitors who come here can also see the process of sulfur mining, not only that near the crater Ijen you can visit agro, and here you will be shown how to process real coffee.
Culinary And Souvenir
For most culinary is typical food from Banyuwangi one of them is Rujak Soto, this food is a combination of rujak cingur and soto tripe. But this is not just any rujak, petisnya feels doormat and more delicious than petis usually. Plus the sprinkling of mlinjo crackers and shrimp crackers on top, very evocative taste. To look for it is difficult, as most are sold in stalls in Banyuwangi.
Not only that, there is another one that is typical food Banyuwangi community, namely Sego (rice) Tempong. A plate of rice with a typical sambal and various kinds of side dishes are generally served into one. There is a unique culinary of this one, the flavor of chili sauce attached to the spicy taste, until – until the person who ate like in Tempong or Slapped. From here comes the term of nasi bund that attracts the tongue of the connoisseurs.
In addition, visitors can also enjoy a mixed dish – mix Banyuangi style, such as pecel rawon, pecel kare, and rujak meatballs. And do not worry, the price is affordable and not going to make your pocket dry. Curious as what? Just hit capcuzz deh.
By that can be obtained if you to Ijen Crater is a souvenir made of sulfur, many of the sulfur miners who make the craft so as to form a doll or writing that is all funny and Ijen of course.
Travel Tips To Ijen Crater
1. Choose the Right Time (Dry Season)
The best time if you want to visit this tour is in the dry season, because the road is in relatively smooth. Unlike if we visit in the rainy season, the road will be slippery and frequent landslides and often covered with a thick fog. And if you wish to get the best view, you should start climbing around 03.00 and approximate until 4:30 so you can see the Blue Fire phenomenon in Ijen Crater.
2. Prepare Physical Conditions
Prepare the physical and equipment for trekking in full, because the journey to surround the caldera takes about 10 hours on foot.
3. Hire a Local Guide
To keep us safe in passing the uphill journey you can use the services of local guides who are there, later you will be helped and will not get lost because they have memorized the way and which part is good for the shooting session.
4. Prepare Traking Equipment
Personal preparation required include Drinking Water, Drugs, Maskets, Hand Wet Sweeps Jacket, Gloves, Kerpus Hats, Bot Shoes for climbing, Stick, Tent (if want to spend the night in Paltuding area), it is prepared because the route of the journey will be Is a climbing route.
5 Obey the Rules
Obey the rules and the signs – the signs that exist in order to avoid things – things that are not desirable. Especially not to get down to the crater wall, as it relates to the safety of oneself.