Torres Del Paine National Park – On this occasion we will review about the beauty of Torres Del Paine National Park tourism destination, which is the best tourist destination in Patagonia Chile.
Torres del Paine is a national park in the Extreme South Patagonian region of Chile which is one of Chile’s pride tourism destinations. Located at the southern level of the Andes and has mountains, lakes and glaciers.
Torres del Paine in spanish language ( original Tehuelche (Aonikenk)), Paine means “blue” and the pronunciation is PIE-nay. Torres del Paine’s name inspiration is drawn from the three huge stone towers of the place.
The history of the inhabitants who occupy Torres del Paine originated from a thousand years ago, where the first indigenous group found the region. The group is kaweskar tribe, they love to live in a nomadic ways in Torres del Pain
In the second half of the first millennium, the Tehuelche Indians (Aonikenk) arrived in Patagonia. They are a group of hunters they live nomaden, they migrate north through Patagonia they see incredible silhouettes of rock formations in the distance and then the hunter group calls the place ‘Paine’, meaning ‘blue’ in Techuelche, Formation which appears from a distance has a dominant color that is blue.
Other ancient indigenous populations include nomadic hunter Selk’nam (Ona) and Yaghan (Yamana), who cross the islands to collect food. Yaghan was originally referred to as the Fuegians, because of their presence in Tierra del Fuego, but today the term Fuegian is used on any indigenous group living in the region.
Kaweskars is a group of other nomadic Patagonia residents whose presence at Torres del Paine is immortalized in documentation. They arrived using a canoe boat in the fifteenth century and did not take natural resources somewhere, because their characters traveled from one place to another, they erected and dismantled semi-circular huts built using simple materials. To keep warm they light a fire inside the dome.
Towards the end of the 19th century, Torres del Paine began to be explored by ‘Baqueanos’ which is a group of horsemen from southern Chile who are usually referred to as cowboys. Baqueanos was based around Punta Arenas and began exploring the region more broadly in the 1870s with hunting missions, selling animal and feather skins to the colonial market.
One of the most famous Baqueanos is Santiago Zamora, known only as ‘el baqueano Zamora’. Originally from the central Chile city, Zamora arrived in Punta Arenas in 1868 and integrated himself with the colonists in the region. He spent his life exploring the northern region of Punta Arenas, including Torres del Paine, acting as a guide for travelers and explorers.
Other notable Baqueanos who guide and explore the region include Francisco Poivre and Augusto Guillaume (both French), Guillermo Greenwood (England) and Avelino Arias, Luis Navarro and Juan Alvarado.
The first tourist to come to Torres del Paine was a British nobleman Lady Florence Dixie, who traveled with his group in 1879. Guided by Avelino Arias and other Baqueanos, Lady Dixie explored the park and then published a book in 1880 called ‘Across Patagonia ‘, where the book describes the adventure detail that happened during the visit there. The Torres Del Paine area and its inhabitants give a special impression to Lady Dixie, which is written in her book.
Interesting Activities and Interesting Places in Torres Del Paine
Southern Ice Fields
The world’s third largest reserve of water is in the Southern Ice Fields
A vast circuit area known as “O” or fool loop, the circuit here is 57 miles long, which is the most extreme circuit in the Torres Del Paine national park and can not be taken lightly. It takes 8 days to complete the area of the circuit, and do not forget to prepare excellent physical and equipment such as tents, sleeping bags, food, guides and other equipment.
The W-circuit is very popular among tourists because it does not require great physical strength and fitness to get through it.
But it still takes about 8 hours a day to make the climb on this W-circuit, the main factor that supports climbing success is consistent in climbing, because here you will find campsites, lodges, cabins and hotels that can be found along the ride.
Keep in mind also the weather is changing erratically, because weather factor will increase the travel time about 4 to 6 days.
But if you want the weather factor is not a barrier to your climb, it is recommended to visit in December, because this month the sun shines more. In a place like the French valley, the wind can reach 62 mile per hour.
This journey may be exhausting, but along the way, the tired feeling can be lost because you will pass through the unique forest, rivers, flora and fauna and glaciers.
If you go to Torres Del Paine National Park do not forget to visit the milodon cave national monument, located only about 14.9 mile from north of Puerto Natales.
This monument was designated as a historic monument in 1968 and later in 1993 it was designated as a national monument. Milodon Cave keeps the history and experience of the first group people to be in Torres Del Paine National Park. Where at that time both men and women came here to seek refuge from the uncertain weather and wild animals roaming.
This glacier is the largest glacier in Torres Del Paine National Park with a width around 3.7 mile and to reach it needs to pass through the Pingo River and withstand the strong winds that blow from various sides.
Lake Sarmiento which has an area of approximately 55 square mile is the largest lake in Torres De Paine National Park. Unlike other glacial lakes in the park, the blue color of the lake comes from rain water.
Here also there is the thrombolite, which is a living calcium carbonate fossil that began to form the last ice age about 10.000 years ago and grows annually only one millimeter.
In addition there is a place called Laguna Amarga, where in this place there are many wildlife such as eagles, puma sighting, mountain lion and else.
There are white stones at the edges, the stone is a stromatolite calcium carbonate.
Mirador Lago Grey
Terrain trekking on Mirador Lago Gray which is the biggest glacier in the Torres Del Paine National Park area has a fairly strong wind and cold weather, but the route is not too long.
The word Salto Grande means a big jump, a stunning waterfall with a height of 10 meters whose stream comes from Lake Nordenskjold.
- You will not be able to find an ATM machine in the Torres del Paine Park area. Therefore you must take and prepare money in Puerto Natales.
- You will not be able to find a currency exchange office in Torres del Paine Park, so you should exchange your currency in Puerto Natales. The redemption time is from 01.00 AM to 03.00 PM.
- If you want to enjoy the natural scenery there without disturbed by the number of visitors then the best time to visit there is in the month of May until september, May until September is low season month.
- The climate in Patagonia is one of the factors to consider when traveling to Torres de Paine National Park. The maximum temperature reaches 20 ° C in summer and may drop to below 0 ° in winter. Because of its cold wind the regular temperature drops 6 to 7 degrees, and the water temperature there is 4 to 5 ° C.October is the perfect time if you want to enjoy the sunshine.
- Clothes that should be worn at Torres Del Paine National Park should be well prepared and in accordance with the conditions that exist, because here you can experience four seasons in one day. Therefore prepare clothes for the conditions of rain, heat, snow and cold wind gusts.
Route Towards Torres Del Paine National Park
You can head by air to Punta Arenas town airport where the city has the closest ways to Torres Del Paine National Park, the distance is about 1,926 miles from the capital of Chile. The flight takes about 3 and a half hours, but if the flight goes to Puerto Montt first, then the time required is 4 hours 45 minutes.
From Punta Arenas Airport you have to travel by bus or rental vehicle to the city of Puerto Natales and from there then go to Torres del Paine National Park.
By Ground Transportation
Transportation can take a bus or rental car from Santiago which is the capital of Chile to Puerto Montt then goes to southward, the journey will pass through Argentina and across Chile through Paso Integracion Austral near the town of Rio Gallegos 119 mile from Punta Arenas, then from Punta Arenas to Puerto Natales where the distance is around 157 mile.
Then from Puerto Natales head directly to Torres del Paine National Park, in here you will find two alternatives ways that can be explored by bus or car, here are two alternative ways:
- From Puerto Natales, take Route 9 which is connected to Sarmiento about 69 miles and the Amarga Lagoon about 80 miles and then enter from Torres del Paine Park.
- From Puerto Natales, take the Y-290 Route linked to Serrano’s entrance at Torres del Paine Park for about 49 miles.
The route from Puerto Montt to Puerto Natales can be reached by sea and takes three days.
You can arrive at Torres del Paine national park via Rio Serrano by boat. You must navigate the fiord of Ultima Esperanza to the Serrano and Balmaceda glaciers and then trace this river.