Prambanan Temple History of Hindu Glory of the Past – Jogja is famous as a paradise of traveling lovers, ranging from the beauty of the beach, the presence of dazzling Mount Merapi, to a unique prehistoric relics and store a myriad of aesthetics. And this time we will review about one of Hindu prehistoric relics known as Prambanan Temple. This temple is also often referred to as Roro Jonggrang temple, because the legend is attached to the building of this magnificent temple. Prambanan Temple, is one of the largest Hindu temple owned by Indonesia, even a temple that is recognized to have a very high aesthetic.
The location of Prambanan Temple lies on the border area between Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Location of Prambana Temple in Bokoharjo village, Prambanan sub-district, Sleman. But for the entrance is in the village Tlogo, district Prambanan, Klaten, Indonesia. The place of this temple is very unique.
This temple building has been around since the 9th century AD. Prambanan temple is made for the devotion and worship of the 3 main deities of Hinduism, often referred to as “Trimurti”. They are, Brahma as the creator god, Vishnu as the Sustainer deity and Shiva as the god of destruction. In the teachings of Hinduism, these three gods are believed to have enormous power.
Initially, the temple complex of Prambanan there are 240 temples, but because of certain causes now only 18 temples left, very unfortunate is not it ?. Prambanan temple area is divided into 3 parts, the outer part, the center of which contains the temple and the inside of the temple is believed to be the holiest of the entire temple area. These three parts are bounded by walls made of andesite stone and when we see at a glance Prambanan temple is shaped like a square square.
Prambanan Temple entrance is on the east side, this is the main entrance because this temple has 4 entrances from all corners of the wind. On the walls of this temple is painted a line of relief that is very slick. This relief tells about Hinduism. Starting from the Ramayana story depicting Shinta was kidnapped by Ravana, until Sri Krishna became the reincarnation of Lord Vishnu. You can start reading reliefs like clockwise directions.
Prambanan temple has an attractive beauty and aesthetic, so no wonder if this temple is also included in one of the world heritage sites registered in UNESCO. The tall and sleek architecture of Prambanan temple building has its own added value. High Prambanan Temple 47 meters. Including the main temple surrounded by rows of temples – small temples around it. This heritage is a very important asset, so no wonder if the domestic tourists meupun overseas in droves to visit Prambanan Temple.
Inside the park area Prambanan Temple has a museum that is used to store historical objects from this temple. This museum is located between Prambanan Temple and Lumbung Temple, precisely to the north of Prambaban Temple. So, if you visit Prambanan Temple, also take a moment to visit this museum.
History of Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple is a Hindu temple. This temple has the splendor and high artistic value of the culture and built in ancient Java by Rakai Pikatan. According to some research, Prambanan Temple was born at the same time as Borobudur Temple and Sewu temple. So reinforce the statement about the competition between the three temples. Historians suspect the construction of Prambanan Temple marks the rise of the Sanjaya family on the land of Java. According to the theory of “twin beds” consisting of Sanjaya Hindus and Buddhist Sailendra dynasties. This is what makes the competition between the two brothers. So the race – race to increase their power – each – together to create a temple.
Prambanan Temple was first built by Rakai Pikatan in 850 AD. But continued by King Lokapala and King Balitung Maha Sambu so it looks more perfect and even expanded by both. According to the inscription of the Siwagrha inscription, Prambanan temple was built to be dedicated to Lord Shiva. According to the inscription, also written the original name of this temple is not Prambanan temple but Siwagrha. Siwagrha is derived from Sanskrit which means “House of Shiva”. This is confirmed by the statue of Lord Shiva in the main room which is also the main temple.
Prambanan temple building and its surroundings continue to be expanded and perfected by the Kings Medang, Mataram. They added hundreds of small temples around the main temple. This helped add to the magnificent atmosphere of the Prambanan Temple complex. Prambanan Temple is also mentioned as a great temple of Mataram Kingdom at that time. Even suspected, the center of the Mataram kingdom was also located not far from the area of this temple, which is located in the Plains of Kewu.
But around the 930 began to be abandoned causing slow damage, due to lack of maintenance. This is because the royal center moved to East Java led by Mpu Sindok even to establish Wangsa Isyana there. Indeed there is no written proof of why the royal center moved to East Java, but historians suspect it was due to a terrible eruption from Mount Merapi which is located not far from the royal complex. Another possibility says that, the existence of war, so there is a struggle for power. In the 16th century Prambanan temple completely collapsed due to the earthquake
The year 1733 became a moment of rediscovery of this temple. Initiated by a Dutch national named CA. Lons. Then found out by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, he ruled his subordinate named Colin Mackenzie, to lead the excavations and excavations on the ground. However this does not go well even misused. The reason is in the 1880, this excavation instead used as objects for self-interest. The statues and reliefs found on the sidewalk by the Dutch citizens and made into a garden ornament. While the chunk of the stone, taken indigenous to be used as the foundation of each home.
In 1930 serious restoration of this temple complex was done continuously until 1993 then looks the perfect building. But in this way many parts of the temple are renovated and replaced by using new stone. This is because the original stone from this building has been largely stolen by irresponsible parties.
In 1991, UNESCO recognized the Prambanan temple into a protected World Heritage Site. When the earthquake disaster in 2006 that hit the land of Jogja, resulting in buildings and statues badly damaged, so it needs to be renovated. But do not worry, this time you can enjoy the beauty of Prambanan Temple which has been renovated well.
Route Towards Prambanan Temple
To go to Prambanan Temple tourist location is very easy, because this tourist location is in the City. For those of you who come from outside the city, can use air or ground transportation mode and then you can transit in the city of Yogyakarta or Semarang, because the two cities are closest to the tourist sites of Prambanan Temple. Then continue the journey to the Klaten Yogyakarta, from here you can walk or use a pedicab transport to the courtyard of Prambanan Temple. Address of Prambanan Temple itself on Jogja – Solo Km. 16 road Prambanan Klaten – Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Activities Can Do At Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple is a real form of aesthetic that has been owned since antiquity. You will see interesting finding there. A worthwhile experience if you can visit Prambanan Temple, because as we know, this temple holds the high artistic and cultural value of Hinduism at that time. So majestic and unimaginable, in such a long time can make a sturdy building with architecture and design that can not be doubted.
In addition, you can also visit the museum near the temple. This museum is a Joglo house which is a traditional house from Java. There you can find various historical objects related to Prambanan Temple. Capture the moment of visiting here is also a fun activity, some of the best spots here you can use during your visit to Prambanan Temple.
Souvenir and Kuliner Jogja
The roads to Yogyakarta are interesting, so it is incomplete to go home not to bring typical souvenir Yogyakarta, below are some typical souvenir that you can get in Yogyakarta
Because you have arrived in Jogja it will be a loss if not hunting batik from this city. Jogja Batik also has a distinctive motif and color. Batik is applied to various forms. Starting from the bag, scarf, shirt, sandals, and others. The best tour for hunting batik is in Malioboro market. This market is known as a market that is relatively cheap compared to other prices. But here, you must be really smart in terms of bargaining.
2. Bakpia Pathok
This snack is made from flour filled with green beans in it, then roasted. But now, the contents of bakpia become more diverse, with variants of various flavors, such as chocolate, strawberry, orange, durian, and others.
Culinary mainstay in the city of Jogja. The distinctive taste with a variety of special spice mixes makes gudeg very popular with the whole society. Gudeg is usually served in a jar. But now it is available dried gudeg, its function so as not to quickly stale. Wet and dry gudeg is actually the same, the diffrent is in processing time. Gudeg is a special culinary from jogja, but the price is also special..
Geplak snacks made from thin coconut slices with added sugar sertadihias with bright colors make it a favorite snack.
Yangko also has bright colors and sweet taste, just like geplak. But the material is different.
6. Dagadu T-shirt
Jogja is also famous as a producer of typical Dagadu T-shirt with different price levels – different according to its quality.
Tips to visit Prambanan Temple
To maximize your tour, must be prepared several things to visit this Prambanan Temple, among others as follows:
1. Prepare Physical Conditions
Prambanan Temple complex is so vast, so to be able to tread the entire area of the temple requires a strong physical in order to enjoy every corner of its beauty. From one end to another you have to walk. Besides the scorching weather during the dry season you should consider the condition of your body, because the tour is not maximal when the home must fall ill.
2. Go to your holiday
Travel to Prambanan temple in the dry season. Coming in June, July, or August. Because, in these months the weather tends to be bright. The site of the Prambanan Temple is a vast outdoor land that resembles a mountain. There is no place to shelter when it rains. So when you visit the rainy season certainly can not enjoy the beauty of the temple with a maximum.
3. Group Visit.
Group visits may be more fun and exciting for you. You can have fun with people you like and love. At Prambanan Temple the manager has a group visit package. The large group consists of 30 people. Of course, in the journey to enjoy the beauty of tour operators provide tour guides in each group. Tour guide can help you in this tour in Prambanan Temple. There is a discount or bonus voucher provided by the manager for group visits.
4. Bring Umbrella And Use A Cloth That Absorbs Sweat
Preferably when you visit the Prambanan Temple you carry an umbrella. Umbrellas can be used to dispel the blistering heat of the day while traveling around the temple area. During the day, this area is very hot, because there is no shelter.
For clothes you wear, you should use a cloth that can absorb sweat. Fabric that absorbs sweat such as cotton cloth. Prambanan temple is so vast and separate – separated between the complex is certainly made there sweating in the corners of the beauty.
5. Maintain Integrity and Environmental Hygiene
The quiet situation, clean land, and the integrity of the building that is maintained is the beauty of a tourist attraction. You wherever you should always keep these things. In Prambanan temple, there are garbage in some locations and also some warn/information about the cleanliness of the temple.