Where else surely if not on Mount Rinjani. From the name of the elegant had imagined how beautiful a destination from the island of Lombok is precisely in West Nusa Tenggara. In addition, Mount Rinjani also has a lake located on the west of the cone of Rinjani known as Segara Anak. The lake is located at an altitude of 2.000m above sea level. There is also a caldera that extends towards the east. The water that flows from the lake forms a waterfall that has a beautiful view, flowing through a steep and steep cliff. It is amazing and can hypnotize anyone who sees it.
In Segara Anak you will find a collection of carp and mujair. Here, you can fish as much. Very suitable for angler mania. While on the south side of Segara Anak lake there is also a lake called Segara Endut. Not until there, you are also presented with a view of Mount Baru or the local community called Mount Barujari located on the east of the caldera.
Mount Rinjani lies in Mount Rinjani National Park with an area of 41,330 ha. Mount Rinjani dominates most of the sights on the northern island of Lombok. In addition, there is a transition zone of Wallacea Lines. Do you know about the Wallacea Line? Try to recall science lessons in elementary school about the ecosystem of flora and fauna in Indonesia! The line of Wallacea is known as a warehouse of various flora and fauna that can not be found anywhere else.
Well in Mount Rinjani National Park is the flora and tropical fauna of Southeast Asia meets the flora and fauna of Australia. Very impressive if you can explore direct beauty there, in addition to enjoy the beauty of Mount Rinjani, also can see how rich the flora and fauna in Indonesia. Mount Rinjani National Park itself was established in 1997 and is one of 40 national parks in Indonesia.
Not only enjoy the view of the exotic mountain, but also at the same time get a bonus to enjoy the beautiful lake and magnificent waterfalls there. Another one, the flora and fauna that will make us fall in love and will miss this mountain again. Anyway really suitable for those of you who like hicking and traveling and blend with nature. Although it can not be denied to go there should prepare extra energy, but it will be paid by the exotic charm of the natural Mount Rinjani.
History and Legend of Mount Rinjani
But behind the beauty of the mountain Rinjani supposedly save a lot of mystery and history. The term Rinjani is derived from an ancient Javanese term meaning God. Mount Rinjani is believed to be the holder of a famous fire ring area that has a function that deals with the spiritual aspects of Hindu religion. Not only in the local community but also including adherents of Hindu religion in other areas. For example, the island of Bali is famous for thick with hindu religious values. They come the island of Lombok, especially the area where mount Rinjani every year to hold a ceremony called pekelan.
At this ceremony, they usually put jewelry on the lake for the purpose of offering to the spirit of the mountain. They believe that in the Segara Anak lake there are many delicate spirits that occupy it. The lake is mystical. According to their belief, if someone who comes there and sees the lake extends widely, the person’s life is still long. And vice versa, if someone who sees the lake feel the lake is narrow then the person’s life is also short.
For that purpose, a clean ritual is performed to win the heart and purify the mind so that it can see the vast lake as much as possible. Not only the Balinese but also the Sasak Wetu Telu community also considers the lake as a holy place and they come here to pray on a full moon night.
In addition to the mythical views of the Lake Segara Anak, the waterfalls are also believed to be able to cure the disease, so it is not uncommon for locals to visit the place for treatment reasons. According to residents around the summit of Mount Rinjani inhabited the jinn queen, which is believed to be the pendulum of Mount Rinjani named Dewi Anjani. From there it is also called “Rinjani”. In addition, from the southeast there is the caldera of a sea of dust known as the Sea of Muncar. At some point, visitors are believed to be able to see the Queen of the jin in the eye.
It is said that in ancient times lived a pair of kings and their queen named Datu Tuan and Dewi Mas. The kingdom he leads is very peaceful, secure and peaceful. However, kings and queens are always always sad, because in their dying age, they have not been blessed with children. One day the King requested permission to the queen to marry again with the proposition to have a descendant who could continue to rule the throne. The Queen consented, then Her Majesty Datu Tuan urged a girl named Sunggar Tutul, the daughter of Patih Aur.
After marriage with Sunggar Tutul, the king reduced his attention to Dewi Mas. The king is more often with a new wife. The so-called fair king, has now acted unfairly against his queen. However, Dewi Mas remained patient, and because of the miracle of God then Dewi Mas contains.
This news surprised Sunggar tutul, he feared the King would turn away from him and return to Dewi Mas. Sunggar Tutul inciting the news of Dewi Mas’s pregnancy, he told the king that those who impale Dewi Mas are Lok Deos. The king believed just to the Seduction Touch. He was angry with the consort of Dewi Mas. Although the queen tried to explain it, the king refused to listen to it and even expelled it from the palace. Finally Dewi Mas went away.
Dewi Mas decides to go to Bali and build a small cottage for a new life. After months, his birth time came. Dewi Mas gave birth to two twins, each with a miracle. A baby boy was born with a dagger, and another baby girl was born with arrows. This boy was named Raden Nuna Putra Janjak and the baby girl named Dewi Rinjani.
Both grow healthy and powerful. But Dewi Mas was always worried because they always asked their father. Due to the insistence of her two children, Dewi Mas narrates the incident she has experienced. Dewi Mas tells that her husband is King Datu Tuan of Lombok. She told her two children that her husband was being expelled from sedition and slander by her sister Sunggar Tutul who feared the king would turn away from her. Hearing the story of his mother, Raden Nuna Putra Janjak and Dewi Rinjani were very sad and guilty of having urged her to tell the truth. But the son of Dewi Mas, the brave Raden Nuna Putra Janjak promised his mother to bring himself back to the palace.
By begging for permission from his beloved mother, Raden Nuna Putra Janjak went to the Lombok government to meet his father. After arriving in front of the palace, Raden Nuna Putra Janjak was barred by royal herds. They fight Raden Nuna Putra Janjak to go to see the king. But Raden Nuna Putra Janjak forced and opposed the fight. Raden Nuna Putra Janjak fought with a royal warrior and succeeded in winning.
Hearing the defeat of his soldiers, the king of Datu Tuan was furious. Eventually he came out of the palace and faced a fairly talented and courageous user. Raden Nuna Putra Janjak intends to convey his purpose to the king for the purpose of his coming. However, the king who was already noisy did not ignore him, he immediately attacked Raden Nuna Putra Janjak. Fierce battles between father and son began. They are both powerful and courageous. So it’s not easy to beat each other. During the middle of their fight, there was a whisper that sounded clearly in the ears of the king, who said that the one who fought him was his biological son. Instantly the fight was stalled, the king immediately embraced Raden Nuna Putra Janjak and apologized.
The king picked Dewi Mas and his two sons to return to the palace. All the surrounding people are happy, because their loved ones have returned. The king apologized to Dewi Mas and will not repeat it again. Now turn Sunggar Tutul who was expelled from the palace for having done evil to Dewi Mas. But really kindly Dewi Mas. He prevents the king from repelling the Sunggar Tutul and even forgiving him. They also live in peace and prosperity.
The king handed over his throne to the brave Raden Nuna Putra Janjak. Under his command, the kingdom grew louder. After surrendering the throne to his son, King Datu Tuan prefers to retreat on the mountain accompanied by his daughter Dewi Rinjani. At the top of the mountain the king and his daughter do a meditation. Dewi Rinjani was picked up by the spirits to be queen in the mountain. Since then, the second highest mountain in Indonesia located in Lombok is called Mount Rinjani.
Trip Route To Mount Rinjani
Every June to August, Mount Rinjani National Park is always crowded with visitors. Those who come are a collection of nature lovers or students who deliberately visit. In these months is the most appropriate time, because it creates a dry season, so the road to be passed tends to be safe. The temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius to 12 degrees Celsius. The wind usually blows strongly in August. Various ways can be done to reach the summit of Mount Rinjani. Ranging from land transportation to air transportation.
For land transportation, you can use private transportation, or by train. From the island of Java, in Banyuwangi in particular you have to go to the ketapang port, then cross by ferry boat, with travel time about 1 hour. After arriving at Gilimanuk – Bali continued again to Ubung terminal, Bali Island. You can also use public transportation services such as buses. To travel this takes 3 hours. From terminal Ubung continued again to the port of Padangbai.
From here you will cross again to Lembar port on the island of Lombok. The time it takes to cross about 4 hours. Then proceed to Mandalika terminal in Mataram, takes about 2 hours. After arriving in Mandalika, the journey continues to the Aikmel market. If you have not brought trekking equipment here you can shop for trekking needs later, to arrive at Aikmel market takes about 1 hour. From Aikmel continued again to Sembalun Lawang. Travel time for 2 hours.
Whereas if you use air transport, just transit at Sembalun airport. From there you can rent a car to get to Aikmel market. Then proceed to Sembalun Lawang. You can choose which transportation you like, of course, adjust to the contents of the bag.
Before doing tracking, you must ask for a climbing permit first, so that orderly administration and things is one example of the form of service to visitors as well as legality or validity as a visitor. In addition, to control and monitor visitor activity there. This climbing permit post is located at Sembalun Lawang and managed by the local agency.
For the number of visitors climbing in Mount Rinjani National Park until now there is still no quota restrictions, because the number of visitors who are stillminim is about 10,000 visitors per year. This area is still very natural for visitor activity. So you can feel the real nature and the exotic scenery nan captivating.
In addition to the climbing permit and quotas, there is also an entrance ticket. This serves to increase the income from tourism used for the conservation and maintenance management of Gunung Rinjani National Park itself. Cheap admission ticket price is IDR 2.500, – / per – person for domestic tourists, and IDR 20.000, – for foreign tourists.
The limit of the length of the ascent which is allowed for tourists is between 3 to 5 days. But do not be afraid, this is a challenge for all of you, because this is the best route in Southeast Asia. Especially for hikking lovers, this is a fitting moment to experience the real climbing sensation. Trying new challenges that must be exciting and unforgettable. So it’s not just a walk to the mall ngehabisin money for shopping. But also must try to conquer Mount Rinjani. Being someone who has a lot of experience with nature and certainly useful.
For a time that exceeds the limit can be confirmed with the existing officers. In addition, if there are special purposes such as holding rituals, pilgrimages and other local officials usually provide leeway time of climbing, adjust to the time required. However, if the visitor violates the rules and limits without any prior confirmation to the officer, will be subject to sanctions.
As for lodging, you can rent hotel.The place not far from the post officers, and do not worry, the price is relatively cheap, so you do not need to spend too deep just a place to rest. Before reaching the peak of Mount Rinjani, you can enjoy the beauty of Lake Segara Anakan. To get there, you can choose two climbing routes. Senaru Village is a 3-hour drive from North Mataram, while Lawang’s village is approximately 4 hours drive from east of Mataram.
The first of Sembalun. On this route seems flat but the weather is hotter, because it will pass the savannah. While the second route is the route Senaru, here you can enjoy the shady trees in the forest, but the road is skipped uphill. You just choose a suitable tracking path. Arriving there, you can fish mujaer fish as much. In addition, you can also set up a tent to spend the night there. The surrounding community also has a habit to visit the lake Segara Anakan daan soaking there.
From the lake Segara Anakan, continued again tracking along the 5577 feet to Plawangan, here you can set up a tent again, to wait for the morning. Then continue again at 03.00 in the morning to get a beautiful view. It takes another 656 feet to reach the summit of Mount Rinjani, with a sandy terrain with rocks challenging enough for trackers, but it will be beautifully paid.
Here, you can see clearly the beauty of Mount Tambora – Sumbawa, Mount Agung – Bali and Mount Raung Banyuwangi.
Activities Can Do In Mount Rinjani
The tracking terrain on Mount Rinjani is the most challenging, yet it will be paid off with a very exotic view from the summit of Mount Rinjani, the refreshing lake of Segara Anak, and a waterfall that adds to your passion of course. One more, very stunning flora and fauna will add to the completeness of the real nature of the atmosphere and will not be met in other places.
Not only that, who visit Mount Rinjani National Park, will be presented with a very spectacular natural scenery, how not, there is the best nature tour.You also will not be able to pass to cruise caves tracking at whole route on Mount Rinjani. Because to go to the top of Mount Rinjani, you will pass 3 pieces of cave is quite famous. There are Manic Cave, Milk Cave, and Umbrella Cave. This place really suited to rest a moment stretch the muscles. In addition, not infrequently these caves serve as a place of meditation.
On Tracking route that we can also see the warm tears of hot white crows that can warm up body. Hot tears is what the local community believes as a healer of all diseases. So take yourself to take a bath or just wash your face.
In Mount Rinjani, we will also encounter Edelweiss garden or also called perennial flowers are rare and valuable plants. However visitors are prohibited from picking and bringing home this flower, because the local people believe if this flower is part of the mystery at Mount Rinjani of the spirit kingdom. Edelweiss flowers are also called flower ducks, because in ancient times, it took courage to risk a life to get it.
In addition, on the slopes of Mount Rinjani there is also a village of Tetebatu that has views of rice fields and tobacco plantations that stretch green and soothing eyes. From here, we can hire a guide to take us to Tetabu Tourist Park (Monkey Forest). There we will find a collection of black monkeys and beautiful waterfalls.
Souvenir and Culinary Typical of Lombok
Well because it has arrived in Lombok, not complete if it does not bring souvenir from there. In Lombok there are various unique handicrafts you know. Ranging from handmade crafts made traditionally to modern enough.
|Snack Called Seaweed “Dodol”|
Lombok’s handicrafts include pottery and limestone made in Banyumulek, Penunjak and Masbagik specializing clay pottery producers. In addition, in Lombok is also famous for the quality of traditional woven fabrics has been worldwide, as well as ancient carvings, wooden masks and boxes. You can also find wooden statues, bamboo baskets and unique ceramic vases and unique qualities. In Lombok is also very famous for its beautiful pearl. The price also varied, ranging from hundreds of thousands, to millions of IDR, in accordance with the quality.
For culinary in Lombok, the first there are Dodol Seaweed. Snacks are colorful and healthy, because it is made from seaweed and various fresh fruits. Suitable for souvenir. There is also honey from Sumbawa which is already famous as the largest honey producer in Indonesia. One more, the milk of a wild horse that is efficacious to boost immunity.
Climbing Tips To Mount Rinjani
1. When tracking should use boots for easy conquering route to Mount Rinjani.
2. In addition, warm clothing is also very necessary, because the air there is quite windy and cold course.
3. Not recommended also come in the rainy season because the route must be slippery and feared landslides occur.
4. Prepare personal needs such as food and beverage supplies enough. No need to bother, near the entrance has lined the traders, so you do not have to bother bringing from home.
5. Remember and most important is the energy fit. Because you will really feel the sensation of climbing to get to the top of Mount Rinjani.
6. Use guide services so as not to get lost in the track route.
7. Visiting during the dry season, because in the rainy season the route is likely slippery and often landslide.