Kelimutu is a part of Kelimutu National Park. This park is the smallest among other parks in the area of Bali to Nusa Tenggara, but make no mistake, although the location is small, Kelimutu Mountain save the beauty that we will not meet in other national parks. Because the eruption and eruption of Mount Kelimutu, even add charm and uniqueness. The existence of the eruption itself resulted in the formation of three separate crater lakes on top of Mount Kelimutu. The three crater lakes are so beautiful and fascinating that they can captivate the eye of the beholder.
Crater lake in Mount Kelimutu is very unique, because the crater lake has 3 kinds of different colors one with another. There are red, blue, and white. Lake Tiga Warna is a mainstay tourist attraction on the island of Flores. The crater lake has an area of about 1,051,000 square meters with a water volume of 1,292 million cubic meters. The wall height is between 50 and 150 meters. The crater lake wall is quite steep because it has a slope of 70 degrees. This crater lake is said to be unique not only because of the differences in the three colors, but this crater lake also often changes color.
Scientists who deliberately come and examine these three lakes have different opinions about the activity of color changes in the crater lake at Mount Kelimutu. Some say that this color change caused by Mount Kelimutu itself, volcanic activity that constantly experience eruption and produce gases from the inside become the main factor on the color change of crater lake. While there is also the opinion that, is caused by the reflection of sunlight and refraction of light from the crater wall.
In addition, some studies also prove the presence of certain microorganisms that affect the color changes in the crater lake. For example, from one of the blue crater lake, now turns green. It also reinforces the notion of increased volcanic activity as well as gas content from within and temperature changes.
Not only that, in the National Park Kelimutu also save a variety of beautiful bird species that recorded almost extinct. In addition, the flora in Kelimutu National Park is also not less interesting with other national parks. You will be amazed by the natural dish that is owned by Kelimutu National Park. Although not extensive but the charm of beauty and uniqueness of its own charm and unfortunately to miss.
The History of Lake on Mount Kelimutu
Kelimutu Mountain was first discovered by Van Such Telenyang was a Dutch citizen in 1915. But Mount Kelimutu was only known to the wider community when one named Y. Bouman wrote his admiration for Kelimutu that kept the charm of a three-colored lake in a book in 1929. Since then Kelimutu Mountain known to the world with the beautiful “Lake Three Colors” that captivate the visitors. Many domestic and foreign tourists are curious about the uniqueness of Mount Kelimutu. They visit to enjoy the beauty of “Lake Tiga Warna” which by the local community is considered haunted.
Kelimutu is known for its unique “Lake Tiga Warna” located at the top of the mountain. But beyond that, local people believe that the three lakes contain a mystical aura. The first is the blue lake or commonly called the “Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai” local people believe that this lake is a gathering place of young souls who have died. While the red lake or “Tiwu Ata Polo” is believed to be a gathering place of evil souls during his lifetime. And the white lake or “Tiwu Ata Mbupu” is the gathering place of the good soul of his life.
When this crater lake changes color, local people flock to offer offerings on Mount Kelimutu, by throwing it in one of the crater lakes that change its color. They believe that when the crater lake changes color, the souls that reside there start to fluctuate and angry so that it is time for them to give offerings.
In the National Park of Kelimutu overgrown with thick pine trees and various rare nail plants that we will not be able to meet jam on the island of Flores. But strangely enough, the surrounding area that is not included in the Kelimutu National Park is very barren, sandy, and the land tends to be unstable, so that only certain plants are able to live there. Because of this phenomenon, local people believe if the Kelimutu Mountain is a paradise of life.
Route Towards Mount Kelimutu
For those of you who come from out of town you can travel by air and transit transportation at Eltari airport in Kupang city, Flores. Arriving in Kupang City, then continued again to Ende District (transit at Hasan Aroeboesman airport). But if you start from Denpasar, Bali. You are quite from Ngurahrai airport, Bali to Ende District (transit at Hasan Aroeboesman airport) directly. This plane is only available at Ngurahrai airport, Bali. Travel time is only 45 minutes.
|Mini Bus Transportation|
After arriving in Ende District, your journey is still forwarded to the village of Moni which is a village on the foot of Mount Kelimutu with a distance of 66 Kilometers. Usually to travel this visitor will use mini bus transportation. Moni village is the closest to Mount Kalimutu. Here you can rent an inn. There are several inns that are provided by the local government, but there are also private property.
From the village of Moni, you need to travel for 13 km longer to get to Mount Kelimutu and added 1 km of paths to get to the crater lake which became the final destination.
Activities Can Do on Mount Kelimutu
When passing Ngala Village, Jopu or Wolowaru, you can see the custom house of flores society. This traditional house is on stage, above ground level, with a very large wooden support. The roof is high and conical. To get into the house, there are wooden stairs that make it easy. In addition, the inside of the roof is limited by simple wood. This is where they keep sacred objects and their ancestral bones.
If you visit Mount Kelimutu, take yourself to enjoy the hot water tour which is located not far from the start of Kelimutu National Park. And not to worry, not just one, but there are some patas tears that can refresh your body especially when trekking to Mount Kelimutu to enjoy the charm of the beauty of Three Color Lake.
One example of Catholic civilization is also here. The Portuguese came first to East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) precisely in Maumere. One of the real forms of the arrival of the Portuguese to NTT is the Old Church located in the village of Sikka. The church is Portuguese and architectural forms that adopt traditional elements of the island of Flores such as the weaving motif that adorns the walls of this old church, in combination with classical colonial elements. The nuances of this old church make us drift in admiring its luxury and uniqueness.
In addition to traditional houses, hot springs, and the old church there is also a place worthy of memories to be remembered by all Indonesian people. Try to recall the history of Indonesian independence in elementary school. Mr or Mrs. teacher often explain that the first president as well as proclaimer and the hero who contributed to the independence of the Indonesian nation and already familiar in the ear, namely Mr. Ir. SOEKARNO. He is a staunch hero in the struggle for independence for the Indonesian nation. Because of the persistence of that, the Dutch colonials do not like and afraid if Ir. Soekarno pioneered and inspired the spirit of Indonesian youth against the invaders. So Ir. Sukarno was kidnapped and expelled to avoid rebellion.
Place to alienate Ir. Soekarno at that time was in the town of Ende, the island of Flores. It is not difficult if you want to visit the historic place. Indeed from the front of his place like a settlement, but there already plastered clearly in front of the house. Written “The former house of exile of Bung Karno”. Ir. Sukarno experienced the most difficult thing in his life there for 4 years (1934-1938).
Souvenir and Culinary Typical Flores
Flores Island is famous for its distinctive woven fabrics. Patterns and motifs are diverse and thick with the culture. This fabric is usually called a bundle. Flores woven fabrics typical of undoubtedly quality, in addition to the motifs and patterns are diverse, the material was also smooth and soft. Even this cloth is famous in the eyes of the world. So do not waste your time hunting for this cloth while you are in Flores. Woven fabric is widely found in the area Ende, Sikka, and Lio. The fabric is also applied in sharing other forms of accessories such as elephant ivory bracelets, bags, jackets, vests, and many others.
|Woven Fabrics Florest|
For a typical snack on the island of Flores, is also not inferior to other places. The first one is Titi Corn. Maybe this snack looks very simple, because corn titi is “emping” corn. But behind it, stored philosophical and deep meaning. Titi Corn is a symbol of life for the people of Flores. According to them, in human life need “Titi” which means “Effort”, which means everything to be achieved in life must be obtained by effort. Titi corn is made on a simple stone with an inch of hand. This stone is used for “Minutes” which in the local language means hitting to sprawl.
Furthermore there is Rebok. Simple snacks made from rice flour and grated coconut grilled. It tastes crispy and sweet like a biscuit, perfect to be enjoyed with a cup of coffee. There is also a Hair Cake. Unique name. Surely you wonder what the cake is like? Is it made of hair? The answer is no, this cake is made from rice flour, wheat flour. Kanji and brown sugar. It says Hair Cake because it looks like a hair.
Tips For Visiting Mount Kelimutu
For those of you who will visit Kelimutu National Park, do not forget the following things:
1. Remember the earthquake frequent occured at Flores island, then find out about the safe route to tracking to Mount Kelimutu. Renting a guide is also highly recommended, given the dangers you will encounter if it gets misdirected.
2. Climbing Mount Kelimutu is a mandatory destination for tourists who come. But there are some parts that can not be visited from this mountain section because geothermal tends to be unstable. So do not try to play in that forbidden place.
3. Not all paths in the crater lake of Mount Kelimutu can be explored, because the crater wall is very thin and prone to landslides. So you must be extra careful in walking the road around the crater.
4. The best time to visit Mount Kelimutu is from July to September. Because in these months including the dry season, so the route is still within safe reach. You will not get caught in a muddy field and fear with the danger of landslides.
5. Travel in the early hours, so you can watch the sunrise that rays reflect on the crater lake, so it looks more dazzling.
6. In addition, visiting in the early hours can also avoid the thickness of mist in Mount Kelimutu.
7. Provide a mask to avoid distracting dust.
8. Management of tourism Park of Flores is very lacking, so do not be surprised if the service you get less.
9. Try to provide personal equipment and adequate supplies, because when you get there, you will not find a seller who can meet those needs.
10. Provide a jacket to warm your body.
11. Obey the existing rules, given in this place is very prone to earthquakes and landslides.