Historical Tourism Object Borobudur Temple 9th Century Architecture – This time we will review about one of the tourist object destinations which is a prehistoric prefecture, a terraced building – the steps made of stone chunks and arranged to form a pyramid building.
This tourist attraction is located in Central Java, Indonesia precisely in the village of Borobudur – District Borobudur, Kab. Magelang – Central Jawah, about 24 mile northwest Jogjakarta, 4.3 mile south of Magelang City. Borobudur temple is a magnificent building and attached with a history that has a square base area of about 49.635 square feet, with a building height of 114 feet, while the original 137 feet including the chattra section.
Borobudur temple has a very different design with other temples in Indonesia. The temple is built on a hill, not on a flat surface. Inside the temple was not found a special room for worship rituals like in other temples. There is only a long narrow corridor row bordering the storied temple walls. If viewed carefully, Borobudur temple is similar to the pyramid in general, but that distinguishes it, this temple terraces. Temple without a room is trusted by the community as a deliberate building for the place of worship.
Borobudur temple is also the largest temple for Buddhists in the world. Here you can see so thick aura of Buddhism in Indonesia at that time. If you visit this temple, you will find many statues of Buddhist statues along the temple which number around 504. The architecture of Borobudur temple combined with beautiful ornaments of relief on the walls around the temple. Noted, 2,672 panels are in Borobudur Temple.
In the middle of the building of Borobudur Temple there is one of the biggest main stupas among the others. This stupa looks like the top of the building of Borobudur Temple and surrounded by 72 stupas that marched into three parts. The shape of this stupa conical and has holes on the side, and in it there is a statue buddha. The statue sits cross-legged with the attitude of the “mudra” hand and turns the dharma wheel “Dharmachakra mudra”.
Monument of Borobudur Temple is composed of 6 square-shaped terraces. Combined with 3 circular backdrops. These three levels are believed to have its own meaning for Buddhists. And the first meaning is Kāmadhātu which can be interpreted as the realm of lust, while the second Rupadhatu is a tangible domain, and the last of Arupadhatu is an intangible realm.
Borobudur Temple is a concrete manifestation built to glorify Buddhism. This monument is usually used for pilgrimage places for the Buddhist community, by holding various rituals that run in this temple. Usually they perform a ritual by starting from the east of the temple and then walking clockwise on the 3 levels of the existing background at Borobudur Temple.
Relief on the walls of Borobudur Temple is made with very thorough and smooth. The aesthetics contained in this relief is very high with very good calculations and ideal proportions. This relief looks very elegant and impressed elegance in the whole range of Buddhist art. With a flow of art from India. In the painting of the relief, store a myriad of hidden meanings. If seen this relief is tangible like a human like nobles, folks, various animals and plants, buddhist, the angels and creatures who have reached the degree of sanctity like the gods often described bodhisatwa that is with tribhanga body position. Relief on Borobudur Temple is like a picture story depicting the life of ancient Javanese society. This row of reliefs you can read by starting like clockwise.
Not far from Borobudur, there is a museum that holds a myriad of ancient relics from the place around the temple. This museum is often known as the Museum Karmawibhangga Borobudur. During the restoration of Borobudur Temple, also found other temples – Buddhist temples such as Pawon Temple, and Mendut Temple. These three temples stretch in a straight line. Not a coincidence. These three temples have similar architecture and decoration, and come from the same period. So in believe, the relationship between these three temples. But it is not clear how the relationship between the three.
History Of Borobudur Temple
Borobudur was established on the Sailendra dynasty period is estimated at around century – 9. The founder of the founding of the Borobudur Temple is King Samaratungga. In expressing his ideas, King Samara Tungga appoint an architect during the Sailendra dynasty named Gunadarma. Borobudur temple is an extraordinary historical building of its time. How not, such a large temple was built in a way and simple materials and in the absence of adequate modern equipment. But we can see until now, building magnificent temples Sagat still looming sturdy and stout. Gunadarma as the architect of Borobudur, takes approximately 70 years to complete the grand building. A very long time, but also not less with the quality obtained from the resulting building. Borobudur Temple was completed in the reign of King Pramudiawardani is none other than the daughter of the king Samaratungga.
The name Borobudur itself is taken from the Sanskrit “Uhr Buddhist Temple” which means Buddhist Monastery on the Hill. The only oldest document showing the existence of this temple is the Nagara Kretagama, written by Mpu Prapanca in 1365. In the book it is written that this temple was used as a Buddhist meditation venue. In accordance with the meaning of the name Borobudur itself.
In ancient times around the 13th century BC when Mount Merapi erupted, Borobudur Temple was affected by the eruption of Mount Merapi. This is because the geographical location of Borobudur temple is close to Mount Merapi. The destruction of the temple makes the Buddhist community who always worship here leave it.
Then in 1814 at the time of the British colonize the Indonesian nation, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles one of the leaders of the British invaders heard the news that there are places and huge archaeological buildings in the village of Bumi segoro Magelang area which is the Borobudur Temple itself. Conditions Borobudur temple was covered by volcanic ash and the building overgrown with shrubs so as not to see the building of the temple. Since first fused by the British then the temple was cleared to revisit the history that existed in the land of Java.
For years ranging from Dutch colonial times to the Dutch dutch leave Borobudur temple continues to be cleaned. Until finally after Indonesia’s independence, in 1956, the Indonesian government in cooperation with UNESCO to examine the existence of Borobudur Temple. Then in 1963, came the official decision of the Indonesian government to do the restoration at Borobudur Temple with the help of UNESCO. The process of restoration of the new temple was completed in 1984. Borobudur temple is one of the archaeological heritage that is magnificent and towering so beautifully, so UNESCO interested to recognize this temple as World Heritage in 1991.
Transportation Path Toward Borobudur Temple
To visit this place, it is very easy you can take the path from Yogyakarta or Semarang direction, for the path from Yogyakarta direction you can transit at Giwangan Bus Terminal – Yogyakarta, then the journey will be continued by using bus transportation majoring Borobudur Terminal. From here you can use “becak” and dokar transportation to the courtyard of Borobudur Temple.
Then if you take the route from Semarang, you can take a bus majoring Yogyakarta, then get off at Magelang terminal, from here you continue the journey back to Terminal Borobudur, arriving at the terminal Borobudur, you can take a pedicab or dokar to go to the courtyard of Borobudur Temple.
Activities Can Do in Borobudur Temple
A million ancient history that has antique charm and interesting in Borobudur temple. This tour is a heaven worth visiting for the lovers of literary and cultural art. There will be many new and exciting experiences you find interesting and useful.
Reading Relief from Borobudur Temple will be able to add your insight to the history of the past, so it becomes an experience for you who visit there. In addition, Borobudur Temple is a great tourist spot to serve as a beautiful photo shoot. Especially when the sun rises, or sets. That’s the best time to get the photo from Borobudur Temple. In addition you can also do activities such as around the temple by bicycle, riding an elephant, riding a bunny train, enjoying sunrise and sunset at Borobudur Temple.
Satisfied to visit Borobudur Temple, take time to visit other interesting places. The reason is in addition to Borobudur Temple, nearby there is also a museum that stores a variety of historical items from Borobudur Temple. In addition, there is Pawon Temple and Mendut Temple which is a flow with the Borobudur Temple. These three temples are located on a straight line. So do not waste your time, to visit these historical sites.
Rural atmosphere around the tourist sites Borobudur Temple is also a very fun activities in addition to the charm of rural nature is very charming, here you can also see an old Joglo house that is more than a century located in the Jowahan hamlet, in addition you can also watch as well Learn how to make pottery in klipoh hamlet.
Culinary and Souvenir at Candi Borobudur
Visiting tourist sites is incomplete if not testing culinary and bring souvenir from the tourist location, for it below is a review of culinary and souvenirs from Borobudur Temple.
For the typical culinary of Borobudur temple is Mangut Beong, culinary served with spicy flavor you should not miss it when you visit Borobudur, this culinary is a dish made from Beong fish formulated with spices – spicy and certainly very delicious . This culinary is also an icon of the City of Magelang.
Borobudur is very rich with its collection, you can visit the center souvenir which are located around the tourist sites, in addition to some handicrafts and batik, Borobudur also have snacks souvenir such as Jenang Papaya, Papaya Stup, Papaya and Jet Papaya Cooled. Interesting isn’t it?
Tips Go To Borobudur Temple
The fun and unimpeded tour is a special pleasure for the traveler. To visit Borobudur temple tour. There are some tips that you can consider in order to enjoy the tour activities with maximum and fun of course.
1. Schedule your holiday
Travel to Borobudur temple in the summer. Coming in June, July, or August. Because, in these months the weather tends to be bright. In Borobudur temple where the establishment is a vast outdoor land that resembles a mountain. There is no place to shelter when it rains. So when you visit the rainy season certainly can not enjoy the beauty of the temple with the maximum.
2. Visits in groups.
Group visits may be more fun and exciting for you. You can have fun with the people closest. In Borobudur temple managers have a package visit or a group of course ticket prices will be cheaper. For a large group of 30 people.
3. Using Tour Guide
Of course, in the journey to enjoy the beauty of tour operators provide tour guides in each group. Tour guide can help you in this tour in Borobudur Temple, so you can better understand about the uniqueness of Borobudur Temple itself.
4. Adjusting the Path
If you visit adjust the path that takes to go to Borobudur Temple. The Borobudur Temple Manager prepared two lines, namely the yellow line and the green line. This line serves to regulate the flow of tourists running so as not to accumulate in one place.
5. Bring Umbrella Or Hat
We recommend that when you visit the Borobudur Temple carrying an umbrella. Umbrellas can you use to dispel the hot blistering eyes of the day when in the temple. This temple is very hot during the day because there is no shelter.
6. Use a Wear That Can Absorbs Sweat
For clothing, wear clothes with ingredients that absorb sweat. Walking in the area of Borobudur Temple is so vast and terraced it will certainly make you very easy to sweat.
7. Maintain Integrity and Environmental Hygiene
There are many stupas, small temples, reliefs and statues in Borobudur Temple. As visitors we must keep the integrity of this building. Do not occasionally scribble in this temple because it will damage the beauty and cleanliness of Borobudur Temple. When visiting Borobudur Temple you will also see some broken statues, some broken or cracked. It is unfortunate to open if this historic heritage is damaged by the ignorant hands of irresponsible visitors. For that we as a good visitor must follow to keep its integrity by not climbing, climbing, or occupying it.
8. Read the Relief Clockwise
If you visit Borobudur temple, spend time to read the row of reliefs that exist on the walls of the temple. This relief is like a picture story in ancient times, to be able to understand the story of this relief, read the relief clockwise.