Cultural Tourism Traditional House, Sade Village in Lombok in West Nusa Tenggara – Sade village is a small village in the district of Central Lombok in the southern part of the tourist destination.
Because the inhabitants still maintain the cultural integrity and lifestyle inherited by their ancestors since 600 years ago such as the form of buildings, customs, dances and music games, style of dressing and the use of tools for their daily life is still in the traditional category.
Sade village, one of the original hamlet that is still original. Sade Hamlet precisely located in the Village Rambitan, District Pujut, Central Lombok.
The residents’ houses are constructed of bamboo construction with roofs of alang-alang leaves. Its occupants are farming. Their numbers are relatively not increased because newly married families who do not inherit their parents’ homes will build houses elsewhere. Besides the architecture of the house, the social system and their daily life are still very strong with the traditions of the old Sasak community.
Sade village can represent to be referred as Tourism Village in NTB, like Tour Village in other area. Because, people living in the village are all Sasak tribe. They are still adhering to tradition. In fact, the typical Sasak traditional house is also still seen standing firm and well maintained in this area.
The Sasak are indigenous and majority in Lombok Island, NTB. It is said that the culture of society is recorded in Nagara Kartha Gama by Empu Nala from Majapahit. In the book, the Sasak tribe is called “Lomboq Mirah Sak-Sak Adhi”.
While the Sasak tribe culture that is recorded in the traditional house Sasak tribe. The reason, the house has an important position in human life, not only as a place individually and family physically, but also in the fulfillment of spiritual needs.
Sasak Tribe traditional house, if observed built based on the value of aesthetics and local wisdom. Sasak people know some types of custom buildings that become a place to live and also a place of traditional rituals and religious rituals.
Sasak traditional house made of straw and woven bamboo walls (bedek). Floor of clay mixed with buffalo dung and ash straw. The mixture of clay and buffalo dung makes the ground floor hard, as hard as cement. How to make such floors have been inherited since their ancestors.
Building materials such as wood and bamboo are obtained from the surrounding environment. To connect the wooden parts, they use nails from bamboo. The Sasak tribe houses only one narrow and low-sized door, with no windows.
In the Sasak community, the house has a dimension of sanctity and worldliness. Sasak traditional house other than as a place of refuge and gathering of family members also become a place of sacred rituals as a manifestation of belief in God, ancestral spirits, house keepers and so on
Changes in knowledge, increased number of occupants and changing external factors such as security, geographic and topographic factors, led to changes to the function and physical form of traditional houses. Only, the concept of development such as architecture, spatial and pattern still displays the traditional characteristics.
Therefore, to maintain the preservation of traditional houses, Sasak parents usually tell their children if they want to build a house. If you still want to live in the local area, it should make the house as a model and building materials that already exist. But, if you want to build a permanent home like in other villages in general, they are welcome out of the village.
Sasak tribe house materials such as wooden stairs, bamboo, bedek for walls, straw and reed for roof, buffalo or horse dung as a mixture of hardener floor, sap of wooden trees Banten and bajur, ash hay as a hardener floor.
Development time, usually based on warige boards from primap tapel adam and tajul muluk. Not everyone is able to set a good day. Usually they ask the customary leader.
Sasak people believe that a good time to start building a house is the third month and the twelfth Sasak calendar namely Rabiul Awal and Dzulhijjah.
The abstinence that is avoided to build a house is on Muharram and Ramadan. According to the belief, houses built on that month tend to invite disaster, such as disease, fire, difficult sustenance and others.
Sasak people are selective in determining the building site of the house. Because they believe the wrong place will result in less good, such as the former fireplace, the former garbage disposal, the former wells, the position of skewers (ruined hut).
The Sasak people will not build houses in opposite directions and their size is different from the earlier ones. According to them, violating the concept is an act against the taboo (maliq lenget).
Sasak traditional house on the roof shaped mountains, dipping down with a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from the ground (foundation). The roof and ridge (bungus) are made of reeds, the walls of bedek, have only one small size and no window.
The room (rong) is divided into bale inak (parent room) includes the outer bale (sleeping room) and bale in the form of treasure, the mother’s room gave birth at once buried the corpse before buried.
Bale dalem room equipped with amben, kitchen and sempare (food storage and other household appliances) made of bamboo size 2X2 square meters or rectangular. Sempare placed above, hanging position on the roof ceiling.
|Sasak Traditional House|
Women in this village do the work of weaving fabrics, weaving skills are part of the tradition that continues to be inherited and according to the customary rules that an adult daughter should not marry if she has not been able to weave cloth. One of the woven cloth products that characterize Lombok is songket.
You can directly see the process and learn how to make woven fabrics in Sade Village which starts from spinning dry cotton to yarn. Yarn that has been neatly then will be given a coloring that comes from natural ingredients. Making a 2 meter long songket takes between two weeks to three months, depending on the complexity of the pattern and the type.
Route Towards To Sade Village
This Sade Village Address is in Rambitan Village, Pujut Sub-district, Central Lombok District in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia.
Access to the village is quite easy, because it is located about 4.9 mile from Lombok International Airport or about 20 minutes drive, this village has the same route with Seger Beach and also Tanjung Aan.
Usually tourists visit these 3 places simultaneously in a tour package lombok called sasak tour package.