Attractions of Tana Toraja Best Places in South Sulawesi – On this occasion we will review about the beauty of tourist attractions in South Sulawesi in Indonesia precisely in Tana Toraja. This destination is very interesting to visit, the culture is still thick to make its own magnet for the tourists both coming from within and abroad. Indeed for those who just visited Tana Toraja mystical impression is felt, but behind it all the natural scenery in Tana Toraja will make you hypnotized and want to linger – long enjoy it.
Geographically Tana Toraja is a district located in the province of North Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the capital of Tana Toraja is in Makale. Toraja people themselves still hold firm beliefs and lifestyles that are very typical of the existing culture in Nias, which makes Tana Toraja become one of the world cultural heritage sites registered in UNESCO.
Tana Toraja community itself holds many traditional ceremonies in which presents a variety of dances and attractions are very interesting, and for the art lovers certainly don’t miss this opportunity. Besides that in here also there are very unique custom house which only exist in Tana Toraja.
History and Origin of Toraja Tribe
According to the story of the legend that spreads in Toraja tribe society, the ancestor of Toraja tribe itself comes from humans who descend from nirvana by using stairs from the sky to the earth. Therefore they believe that the ladder can function for the media approach yourself to God Almighty (Puang Matua).
Meanwhile, according to an anthropologist named DR. C. CYRUT conducting research on the Toraja tribe, it is concluded that the Tana Toraja community is the result of the acculturation of indigenous people living in the mainland in South Sulawesi with migrants or immigrants from the Bay of Tongkin. The process of alkuturation originated from the immense displacement of Indo China population estimated to occupy the Enrekang area, and then they built a place to live in the area.
In the beginning the name of Toraja was given by the Bugis Sidendereng and from Luwu, the Sidendreng people called the people of this area with To Riaja which means “People who live in the mountains or the country above”, unlike the Luwu people who call this people with To Riajang who have “People who inhabit or settle in the west”. Another version is the Toraya designation that means “Nobility”. Then over time the term is transformed into Toraja and Tana own word means country, then known as Tana Toraja.
Travel Route Tana Toraja
For those of you who want to visit tourist attractions in South Sulawesi there are two alternatives you can take by using the mode of land transportation and also the air. And if you are from out of town you can transit in Makasar first, because for the time being the flight path that can be reached by plane from big cities in Indonesia is Sultan Hasanuddin Airport – Makasar.
|Sultan Hasanuddin Airport – Makasar|
If travel by land transportation and starting from Makassar City – South Sulawesi. You can use public transportation ie inter-provincial buses that you can find in the Bus Terminals’ terminal. The bus is equipped with good facilities such as air conditioning, rest rooms and comfortable chairs, perfect for long-distance travel. Usually this bus will depart on a predetermined schedule. In addition you can also use other alternative transportation by renting a vehicle to Tana Toraja. The time taken to get to Tana Toraja is about 6 – 8 hours drive and it is advisable to travel during the day, because you will be able to enjoy the natural beauty of the mountains, paddy fields and beach panorama that can cure boredom during the trip.
The route you will pass during the trip by using the Land transportation, among others, you will travel through several districts in South Sulawesi, among them are the towns of Maros, Pangkep, and Barru. Here your trip will stop for a rest after it continues to the city of Pare – Pare, Sidendreng, Enrekang and then you come in the District of Tana Toraja.
Then when you use air transportation mode, you can start from Sultan Hasanuddin airport – Makasar by Air Dirgantara Air Service (DAS) to Pongtiku airport in Rantetayo with travel time approximately 45 Minutes. In the future the local government will build a larger airport located in Mengkendek, so that visitors from outside the city can directly transit at the airport without going through Sultan Hasanuddin airport in Makassar.
Activities Can Do in Tana Toraja
Here you can walk to Lemo, Londa and Allo’s, where in the area you can see a very unique cemetery that is very famous even in the international world. The cemetery is a cave that is located on the rocky walls and the caves – many caves are filled with coffins and human bones, it seems we are sometimes weird, but that is the uniqueness of the culture of the community around this tourist attraction in South Sulawesi.
If you visit Tana Toraja in June, July, or December, you can see the butchers performing sacrifices of dozens of pigs and buffalo in a colossal manner. And you can also see how unique and sacred culture or customs of Tana Toraja. Buffalo and pig itself is an animal sacrificed for the death ceremony in this place. According to the beliefs of the Toraja community these animals are a means of transportation to the puya for the dead human spirits.
In Tana Toraja there is a traditional ceremony to catch the deceased person by holding a party and slaughtering dozens of buffaloes and pigs. This ceremony is familiar with the traditional ceremony of Rambu Solo ‘death. This party is usually held for one night or even up to seven nights depending on social status in Toraja society tradition.
Besides, if you want to see a typical residence or home of Toraja people is “Tongkonan”, beautifully decorated and equipped with rice barn, you can visit Ke’te Kesu Village. Here there are many rows of “Tongkonan” whose roof is similar to a saddle. The roof of a typical Toraja community house made of bamboo split and arranged piled up. But as the development of the era of the roof of a typical house Tana Toraja people use a lot of zinc as a material maker. Tongkonan itself has a different type – different that adjusted with the degree of nobility of the owner. Then on the walls are decorated with abstract patterns and geometrically white, red and black natural. In Ke’te Kesu also you can meet bamboo carving craftsmen and various other traditional crafts.
Then when you visit the Lemo area, you can see the grave that is placed hanging on the wall which is a special grave for the nobles. This area is called Lemo because in this place there is a rock cave that size is very large and round-shaped, the shape is similar to the fruit of oranges and in the holes – the burrows form spots as well as citrus fruit. Here also there is a customary grave chairman named Songgi Patalo who was about 500 years old.
Then when you continue your visit to Suaya, you will find the tomb of the royal family, then near Sangala you will find a baby tree grave. According to Torajan people own belief when there are infants or children who died then it should be buried in the tree, and the tree will grow around. In addition, when you visit Palawa, you will find a typical Toraja weaving craft center, which also includes Tongkonan and burial areas, ceremonies and festivals that are usually used by the people around this tourist spot in South Sulawesi.
Not only that, your visit can be continued to Batu Tumonga which located on the slopes of Mount Sesean which is about 15.5 mile from Rantepao. Here you can see the natural beauty of rice fields are shaped terraces and there are many rocks.
That is the activity that can be done during your visit the existing attractions in Tana Toraja
Souvenir and Culinary From Tana Toraja
For this one tourist attractions in South Sulawesi is also save a lot of souvenir and typical foods that can cure your curiosity about the uniqueness owned by Tana Toraja. For culinary you can try tasting Deppa Tori which is a typical cake of Toraja land, it tastes savory and unique shape will spoil your tongue while enjoying it, besides you can also enjoy Pa’piong made of chicken, pork, fish and rice And wrapped with bamboo and then burned. Besides that other culinary is “Tollo Pammasaran” and Toraja coffe
Then for souvenirs that you can get when visiting Tana Toraja is a miniature house typical Tana Toraja, like woven fabric, Toraja typical T-shirts, Unique Accessories & Crafts, all that you can get here.
How interesting is it, and guaranteed you will feel addicted to enjoy the typical culinary of Tana Toraja.
Travel Tips To Tana Toraja
1. Wear Custom Clothes
To respect the customs rules of the Toraja community, you should use traditional clothing Toraja.
2. Beware When Entering Tongkonan
Because the typical house of Tana Toraja has a low alley, you should pay attention to your head when enter the traditional house.
3. Choose the Right Month
To visit Tana Toraja it is advisable to choose your holiday in May and October because in these months the weather here is excellent.
4. Bring Camera Equipment
Do not miss this one, prepare your camera equipment before visiting Tana Toraja in order to capture precious moments during visiting tourist sites in Tana Toraja.